The Ministry of environmental protection,the Ministry of Commerce,the national development and Reform Commission,the General Administration of customs and the General Administration of quality supervision,inspection and Quarantine of the people's Republic of China recently jointly issued the measures for the administration of solid waste import(hereinafter referred to as the measures).According to the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of environmental protection,the implementation of the measures will promote the waste import and utilization enterprises to further improve their awareness and level of environmental protection,standardize the import management of solid waste in China,prevent the illegal entry of foreign waste and safeguard the environmental safety of China.
In 2010,China imported more than 40 million tons of solid waste such as waste paper,waste plastics,waste hardware,waste steel,aluminum scrap and copper scrap that can be used as raw materials.The rational use of solid waste which can be used as raw materials abroad has played a positive role in supplementing China's resources and promoting energy conservation and emission reduction.During the 11th Five Year Plan period,environmental protection,customs,quality inspection and other departments increased their efforts to prevent and combat the illegal transfer of foreign wastes to China,and effectively curbed the relevant illegal events.
The person in charge introduced that the measures put forward specific requirements in the aspects of foreign supply,pre shipment inspection,domestic receiving,port inspection,customs supervision,import license,utilization enterprise supervision,further improved the whole process supervision system of imported solid waste,and clearly stipulated nine prohibitions:Prohibition of solid waste outside the people's Republic of China Dumping,stacking and disposal in the territory of the people's Republic of China;transfer of hazardous wastes through the territory of the people's Republic of China;import of hazardous wastes;import of solid wastes for the purpose of heat recovery;import of solid wastes that cannot be used as raw materials or can not be used in a harmless way;import of solid wastes that are produced in the territory of the people's Republic of China or have a large stock and have not been fully utilized;prohibit Import of solid waste without mandatory requirements such as applicable national environmental protection control standards or relevant technical specifications;forbid the transit trade of solid waste;forbid the transportation of solid waste in the form of order.
According to the measures,enterprises engaged in the processing and utilization of imported solid waste shall carry out daily environmental monitoring on pollutant discharge,and environmental protection departments shall strengthen on-site inspection and supervision monitoring to prevent secondary pollution in the process of processing and utilization.
According to the measures,the Ministry of environmental protection,the Ministry of Commerce,the national development and Reform Commission,the General Administration of customs and the General Administration of quality supervision,inspection and Quarantine of the people's Republic of China will establish a coordination mechanism for solid waste import management,implement information sharing,form a joint effort,and strengthen the joint supervision and management of solid waste import and business activities.