At present,China is taking the transformation of economic development mode and adjustment of industrial structure as an important decision for the sustainable development of national economy.In the development plan of the next five years,new energy,green and low-carbon development are all the key directions encouraged by the state.Green economy will be the direction of China's future development.
On December 3,at the fourth China green development high level forum held in Qinzhou,Guangxi,participating experts made brilliant speeches on ecological civilization and green city,energy conservation and emission reduction and corporate responsibility,green food and food safety,green housing and green energy,and green port construction at home and abroad.
Wang Yuqing,deputy director of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference on population,resources and environment,introduced that the important point of the UN green economy report is that historical issues have affected global environmental protection and green development.Wang Yuqing said:"one of the important points of the report on green economy issued by the United Nations is that in our history,especially in recent decades,a large amount of investment and accumulated wealth used by human beings for reproduction are mainly used for real estate development,fossil fuel and other mineral resources mining,and part of it is used for financial derivatives,which is to operate in the capital market.Now,it seems that this mode not only affects environmental protection and sustainable development,but also severely damages the economy itself."
Since 2008,in order to cope with the global financial crisis and climate change,the United States and the European Union have taken the development of green economy and low-carbon economy as a new economic growth point to get rid of the predicament,trying to lead a new round of green technology revolution.With the spread of European and American sovereign debt crisis,green development has become a common choice for all countries to get rid of difficulties and work together to solve climate change.
In China,urban green development plays a very important role in the whole green development.Niu Wenyuan,counsellor of the State Council,said:"the statistical analysis indicates that in 287 cities above prefecture level,73.4%of the total carbon dioxide emissions in China each year,that is to say,nearly three quarters of the carbon dioxide emissions are from cities.Among the top 100 cities in China and the top 100 cities in economic strength,51.3%of the country's total carbon dioxide is removed every year."
To cope with climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions,China has vigorously developed renewable energy sources such as hydropower,wind power,nuclear energy and bioenergy.Since 2009,China's investment in renewable energy has surpassed that of Spain,with nearly$50 billion a year,ranking first in the world.Green development is the only way for China to maintain its rapid development.
Wang Yuqing,deputy director of the CPPCC population,resources and Environment Committee,pointed out that the state should also make corresponding arrangements in terms of system to further support the development of green technology:"including the support of fiscal and tax policies and financial policies.Such as the establishment of green technology development fund,the establishment of a multi-level guarantee system including financial investment and social capital investment,the development of the corresponding bond market and equity investment fund,to provide a good financing environment for enterprises to develop green technology."