Recently,people are often disturbed by fog,and environmental problems are becoming the hottest topic in this winter.Reporters learned that the Ministry of finance has agreed to levy environmental taxes in due time.The Ministry of finance,the State Administration of Taxation and the Ministry of environmental protection will,in accordance with the principle of statutory taxation,pay close attention to the demonstration and evaluation of environmental tax law and put forward legislative suggestions in due time.
This winter,heavy fog comes one after another
In recent years,people have experienced the invasion of fog again and again,and environmental problems are becoming the hottest topic in this winter.
A number of meteorologists and health experts also said that due to the high atmospheric pressure in foggy days,the content of harmful particles and gases will increase for a short time in the air layer with a high level of human activity.The weak elderly and children should reduce outdoor activities to avoid inhaling too much harmful particles and gases.
A research report published by the Chinese Academy of Environmental Sciences also pointed out that the air fine particles pollution of urban agglomerations in Pearl River Delta,Yangtze River Delta,Beijing Tianjin Hebei,Sichuan Basin and Shenyang is becoming increasingly serious.China has become one of the countries with the most serious air pollution in the world.
The legislative conditions of environmental tax are basically mature
Xu Wen,a researcher of the Tax Policy Research Office of the Institute of Finance and science of the Ministry of finance,has been committed to the research work related to environmental tax.He told reporters that the current environmental tax in China is actually a concept of environmental tax reform,that is,changing the current pollution discharge fee into environmental tax,and the pollution discharge fee has been levied for many years,with some experience.
Therefore,the conditions of environmental tax legislation are basically mature.It is suggested to adopt the way of National People's Congress legislation,that is,to formulate environmental tax law.
According to Xu Wen,the level of environmental tax rate is the key factor of whether environmental tax can play an effective role.One of the main problems in the current pollution discharge fee system is that the collection standard of pollution discharge fee is low,which leads to the problem that enterprises prefer to pay pollution discharge fee rather than Governance in practice.
Therefore,it is necessary to change the pollution charge into the environmental tax rate.
According to the current environmental tax system design,Xu Wen said that the collection object is the pollutants discharged by enterprises,and the pollutants discharged by individuals have not been included in the collection scope.
According to Xu Wen,to curb air pollution,we need to coordinate and cooperate with the control policies such as environmental emission standards,environmental taxes,emission trading and other environmental and economic policies to play a role together,so as to achieve better results.